BUS 475 Final Exam2
1) Which one of the following items is not generally used in preparing a statement of cash flows?
A. Additional information
B. Comparative balance sheets
C. Current income statement
D. Adjusted trial balance
2) One of Astro Company’s activity cost pools is machine setups, with estimated overhead of $150,000. Astro produces sparklers (400 setups) and lighters (600 setups). How much of the machine setup cost pool should be assigned to sparklers?
3) Of the following companies, which one would not likely employ the specific identification method for inventory costing?
A. Hardware store
B. Farm implement dealership
C. Music store specializing in organ sales
D. Antique shop
4) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A. Office salaries
B. Indirect labor
C. Advertising costs
D. Sales person’s salaries
5) The conceptual framework developed by the Financial Accounting Standards Board __________.
A. was approved by a vote of all accountants
B. are rules that all accountants must follow
C. is viewed as providing a constitution for setting accounting standards for financial reporting
D. is legally binding on all accountants
6) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A. Static reporting
B. Master budgeting analysis
C. Exception reporting
D. Responsibility reporting
7) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A. list price
B. exchange price paid
C. selling price
D. appraisal value
8) If a company reports a net loss, it __________.
A. will not be able to pay cash dividends
B. will not be able to make capital expenditures
C. will not be able to get a loan
D. may still have a net increase in cash
9) The major reporting standard for management accounts is __________.
A. the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
B. the Standards of Ethical Conduct for Practitioners of Management Accounting and Financial Management
C. generally accepted accounting principles
D. relevance to decisions
10) The primary purpose of the statement of cash flows is to __________.
A. prove that revenues exceed expenses if there is a net income
B. facilitate banking relationships
C. provide information about the investing and financing activities during a period
D. provide information about the cash receipts and cash payments during a period
11) Managerial accounting __________.
A. is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
B. pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C. places emphasis on special-purpose information
D. is concerned with costing products
12) A well-designed activity-based costing system starts with __________.
A. analyzing the activities performed to manufacture a product
B. assigning manufacturing overhead costs for each activity cost pool to products
C. computing the activity-based overhead rate
D. identifying the activity-cost pools
13) Balance sheet accounts are considered to be __________.
A. nominal accounts
B. permanent accounts
C. temporary stockholders’ accounts
D. capital accounts
14) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A. The western division’s vice president’s salary
B. Factory janitor
C. Cost of landscaping the corporate office
D. General corporate liability insurance
15) There are two types of markets in which firms face some competition yet are still able to have some control over the prices of their products. The names given to these market structures are __________.
A. monopolistic competition and oligopoly
B. duopoly and triopoly
C. perfect competition and monopolistic competition
D. duopoly and imperfect competition
16) Lekeisha’s income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A. saver who demands money from the financial system.
B.saver who supplies money to the financial system.
C. borrower who demands money from the financial system.
D. borrower who demands money from the financial system.
17) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A. trade tax
C. supply tax
18) Lucy starts her own psychiatric practice, but her expenditures to open the practice exceed her income. Lucy is a __________.
A. saver who supplies money to the financial system
B. saver who demands money from the financial system
C. borrower who demands money from the financial system
D. borrower who supplies money to the financial system
19) One characteristic of an oligopoly market structure is:
A. firms in the industry have some degree of market power.
B. the actions of one seller have no impact on the profitability of other sellers.
C. firms in the industry are typically characterized by very diverse product lines.
D. products typically sell at a price that reflects their marginal cost of production.
20) When, in a particular market, the law of demand and the law of supply both apply, the imposition of a binding price ceiling in that market causes quantity demanded to be __________.
A. double the quantity supplied
B. less than quantity supplied
C. greater than quantity supplied
D. equal to quantity supplied
21) When a firm sells a good or a service, the sale contributes to the nation’s income __________.
A. only if the buyer of the good or service is a household
B. whether the buyer of the good or a service is a household, another firm, or the government
C. only if the buyer of the good or service is a household or another firm
D. We have to know whether the item being sold is a good or a service in order to answer the question
22) The open-economy macroeconomic model includes __________.
A. neither the market for loanable funds or the market for foreign-currency exchange
B. only the market for foreign-currency exchange
C. only the market for loanable funds
D. both the market for loanable funds and the market for foreign-currency exchange
23) Most economists use the aggregate demand and aggregate supply model primarily to analyze _______.
A. the effects of macroeconomic policy on the prices of individual goods
B. the long-run effects of international trade policies
C. productivity and economic growth
D. short-run fluctuations in the economy
24) In the market for foreign-currency exchange in the open economy macroeconomic model, the amount of net capital outflow represents the quantity of dollars __________.
A. demanded for the purpose of importing foreign goods and services
B. supplied for the purpose of buying assets abroad
C. supplied for the purpose of selling assets domestically
D. demanded for the purpose of buying U.S. net exports of goods and services
25) Which of the following is not correct?
A. In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit.
B. Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
C. A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D. The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
26) The Federal Reserve will tend to tighten monetary policy when __________.
A. it thinks inflation is too high today, or will become too high in the future
B. it thinks the unemployment rate is too high
C. the growth rate of real GDP is quite sluggish
D. interest rates are rising too rapidly
27) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A. Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
B. GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
C. GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household.
D. GDP increases if the total population increases.
28) The most dominant areas in the global economy include:
A. North America, Mexico and Asia
B. North America, South America and Western Europe
C. North America, Asia and Africa
D. North America, Western Europe and Asia
29) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
30) A leader is:
A. The top level manager in a firm or business
B. Someone well-respected by others
C. Someone who influences others to attain goals
D. Someone with authority over others
E. A strategic level manager
31) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A. Transnational teams
B. Management teams
C. Self-managed teams
D. Self-designing teams
E. Parallel teams
32) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
C. Decision making
33) An organization that is managed aggressively and has growth and high profits as primary objectives may be considered a(n):
A. Large corporation
B. Small business
C. Online Business
D. Multinational corporation
E. Entrepreneurship venture
34) A manager’s ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
35) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A. Just-in-time control (JIT)
B. Customer-based integration
C. Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D. Total quality management
E. ISO 9000
36) Having individuals actually do the job they are applying for as a test to see if they can do it is _______.
A. an approach with high face validity
B. an approach with low reliability
C. an approach with high reliability
D. an informal means of screening candidates
E. a formal means of screening candidates
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A. To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
B. To establish a formal complaint procedure
C. To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment
D. To establish a means for ongoing training
E. To establish a performance appraisal system
38) The best way for an employer to find out if a potential employee can do a job is by __________.
A. using a written test
B. using the interview process
C. administering an IQ test
D. having them spend a day in the office
E. using a performance simulation test
39) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A. Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
B. Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
C. Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc)
D. Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
E. Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
40) One of the most important contributors to total quality management has been the introduction of statistical tools to analyze the causes of product defects in an approach called:
B. Six Sigma Quality
D. ISO 9000
E. Total quality integration
41) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A. Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
B. Anyone can start a business
C. Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks
D. Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
42) Jolly Blue Giant Health Insurance (JBGHI) is concerned about rising lab test costs and would like to know what proportion of the positive lab tests for prostate cancer are actually proven correct through subsequent biopsy. JBGHI demands a sample large enough to ensure an error of ± 2% with 90% confidence. What is the necessary sample size?
43) In a right-tail test, a statistician came up with a z test statistic of 1.469. What is the p-value?
44) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
45) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the standard deviation is approximately _____.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A. Positive slope (due to city size).
B. High R2 (due to city size).
D. No correlation.
47) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study’s findings, which of the following is true?
A. The p-value is less than .05.
B. The p-value is equal to .05.
C. The p-value is greater than .05.
D. The p-value cannot be determined without specifying α.
48) In an activity-on-node [AON] network, the nodes represent ____________, whereas the arcs represent ____________.
A. precedence relationships; time
B. activities; precedence relationships
C. activities; time
D. events; activities
49) Theoretically, service capacity must exceed demand, lest queues become infinitely long. If capacity does not exceed demand, what is likely to happen?
A. Customers will renege or balk, thereby reducing demand.
B. All of these
C. Servers will decrease time spent per customer, thereby increasing capacity.
D. Servers will eliminate time-consuming portions of their jobs, thereby increasing capacity.
50) Queuing models use an A/B/C notation. What do these variables represent?
A. average time between arrivals/average service time/number of parallel servers
B. maximum time between arrivals/maximum allowable service time/maximum number of parallel servers
C. minimum time between arrivals/minimum allowable service time/minimum number of parallel servers
D. distribution of time between arrivals/distribution of service times/number of parallel servers
51) In a network diagram, an activity:
A. is the smallest unit of work effort consuming both time and resources that a project manager can schedule and control.
B. must always have a single, precise estimate for the time duration.
C. should always be something the company has had experience with.
D. is the largest unit of work effort consuming both time and resources that a project manager can schedule and control.
52) Suppose the estimated quadratic model + 20 t – t2 is the best-fitting trend of sales of XYZ Inc. using data for the past twenty years (, 2,.., 20).
Which statement is incorrect?
A. Latest year sales are no better than in year zero.
B. Sales are increasing by about 20 units per year.
C. The trend was higher in year 10 than in year 20.
D. The turning point would be in period 10.
53) Which of the following statements is correct?
A. An individual’s right to privacy is absolute
B. Advances in information technologies have not affected individual privacy
C. It is difficult to determine and enforce privacy regulations
D. An individual’s right to privacy supersedes the needs of society
E. The Internet has increased individuals’ privacy
54) The Global, Web-Based Platform enables individuals to do which of the following?
A. access information, services, and entertainment
B. produce and sell goods and services
C. all of these are true
D. exchange knowledge
E. connect, compute, communicate, collaborate, and compete everywhere and all the time
55) It is very difficult to manage data for which of the following reasons?
A. data security is easy to maintain
B. amount of data stays about the same over time
C. data are scattered throughout organizations
D. decreasing amount of external data needs to be considered
E. data are stored in the same format throughout organizations
56) Success in the _____ phase of the decision making process results in resolving the original problem, and failure leads to a return to previous phases.
57) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
B. Web data
C. Hyperlink data
D. Clickstream data
E. Tracking cookies
58) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A. Management control
B. Strategic planning
D. Operational control
59) Geocoding is __________.
A. integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases
B. integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C. encrypting spatial information
D. accessing geographical information
E. programming spatially oriented databases
60) Information-based industries are most susceptible to which one of Porter’s five forces?
A. bargaining power of suppliers
B. threat of substitute products
C. rivalry among existing firms in an industry
D. bargaining power of customers
61) International Game Technology’s new ERP system produced all of the following benefits except
A. Company was able to maintain its original business processes
B. Operations employees were able to access manufacturing process details at their workstations
C. Integrated the company’s business functions
D. The company gained flexibility in manufacturing products
E. ERP system connected the company’s global operations
62) Credit card companies would most likely use which of the following to check for fraudulent credit card use?
A. Data mining
B. Expert systems
C. Neural networks
D. Multidimensional data analysis
E. Structured query language
63) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
64) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt 8%
Cost of preferred stock 12%
Cost of common stock 16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
65) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A. the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share.
B. the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
C. the percentage of profits retained.
D. the risk of the investment.
66) Tri State Pickle Company preferred stock pays a perpetual annual dividend of 2 1/2% of its par value. Par value of TSP preferred stock is $100 per share. If investors’ required rate of return on this stock is 15%, what is the value of per share?
67) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A. Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable.
B. Inventory should be financed with preferred stock.
C. Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D. Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
68) At what rate must $400 be compounded annually for it to grow to $716.40 in 10 years?
69) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A. eliminate competitive factors.
B. eliminate judgment factors.
C. eliminate different financial risks.
D. eliminate different business risks.
70) According to the hedging principle, permanent assets should be financed with _____ liabilities.
71) Bondholders have a priority claim on assets ahead of:
D. common and preferred stockholders.
72) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A. Cash flow statement
B. Income statement
C. Quarterly statement
D. Balance sheet
73) Given the following annual net cash flows, determine the IRR to the nearest whole percent of a project with an initial outlay of $1,520.
Year Net Cash Flow
3 $ 500
74) Bell Weather, Inc. has a beta of 1.25. The return on the market portfolio is 12.5%, and the risk-free rate is 5%. According to CAPM, what is the required return on this stock?
75) You hold a portfolio with the following securities:
Security Percent of Portfolio Beta Return
X Corporation 20% 1.35 14%
Y Corporation 35% .95 10%
Z Corporation 45% .75 8%
Compute the expected return and beta for the portfolio.
A. 9.9%, .94
B. 10.67%, 1.02
C. 9.9%, 1.02
D. 34.4%, .94
76) The managerial process of developing and maintaining a match between the resources of an organization and its market opportunities is called:
A. marketing programming.
B. strategic (management) planning.
C. management by objective.
D. marketing strategy planning.
77) Analysis of demographic dimensions:
A. considers income and sex, but not age.
B. can be used along with analysis of other dimensions to identify attractive target markets.
C. only considers age.
D. is the most important step to successful segmentation.
E. is the most effective way to identify unmet consumer needs.
78) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A. the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
B. one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system.
C. the evaluation is necessarily subjective.
D. one must determine how efficiently the society’s resources are used.
E. one must consider each individual firm’s role in the marketing system
79) “Marketing strategy planning” means:
A. selecting a target market and developing a marketing strategy.
B. finding attractive opportunities and selecting a target market.
C. finding attractive opportunities and developing profitable marketing strategies.
D. selecting an attractive target market.
E. selecting an attractive marketing mix.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A. Customer relationship management (CRM)
B. Market scanning
D. Brand familiarity
E. Market segmentation
81) When doing “positioning,” a marketing manager should:
A. focus on specific product features of all generic competitors.
B. plan physical product changes rather than image changes.
C. avoid targeting strategies.
D. rely on how customers think about proposed and/or existing brands in a market.
E. exclusively use focus groups.
82) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A. is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
B. is always emotional.
C. is strictly economic and not at all emotional.
D. leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
83) The clustering techniques that can be used in segmenting:
A. group people together into heterogeneous product-market segments.
B. eliminate the need for management intuition and judgment.
C. group people together based on age.
D. try to find similar patterns within sets of data.
E. looks for differences between groups of people.
84) A firm’s “marketing mix” decision areas would NOT include:
85) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A. income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries.
B. GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
C. GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
D. GDP measures show people’s tendency to buy particular products.
E. Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
86) Regarding organizational buying, the people who have the power to select or approve the supplier–especially for larger purchases–are called:
87) Clustering techniques applied to segmenting markets __________.
A. doesn’t apply to demographic data
B. eliminate the need for marketing managers to specify in advance what dimensions might be relevant for grouping consumers
C. remove the need for managerial judgment
D. usually require computers to group people based on data from market research
88) Justin was hired in February of 2004 as a salesperson. There is no written employment contract, and Justin is paid on a commission basis. Justin’s manager has said to Justin on several occasions that if Justin continues to meet his sales quotas, that the company “will keep him around for a long time.” Justin has always met his sales quotas, but is told one day that they have decided to replace him because he does not project the image that the company wants. If Justin is an at-will employee, which of the following is true?
A. Because there is no written employment contract, the employer can terminate Justin.
B. As an at will employee, there are no restrictions on the employer terminating Justin.
C. The employer can terminate Justin only if the employer would suffer a loss by not terminating him.
D. The statements by the manager could likely give Justin contract rights that could amount to an exception to the at-will doctrine.
E. The employer would not be able to fire Justin on the basis of public policy.
89) Which of the following is correct about litigating commercial disputes?
A. Commercial disputes, because of their specialized nature, are first heard at the appellate court level.
B. Nearly all states have specialized trial courts that hear commercial disputes.
C. Businesses generally dislike the concept of specialized trail courts for commercial disputes because the large numbers of consumers who sue businesses in these courts have led the judges to become generally biased against business.
D. A few states have established specialized trial courts for commercial disputes.
90) Which article of the United States Constitution deals with the judicial power of the federal government?
A. Article I.
B. Article V.
C. Article IV.
D. Article III.
E. Article II.
91) Mary arrived at work one day, and her boss said to her, “That’s the ugliest dress I have ever seen. Because you wore that to work today, you are fired.” Assuming that Mary is an at-will employee, which of the following is true?
A. Mary can be fired only if it is in the best interest of the employer.
B. If none of the exceptions to the at-will rule apply, Mary can be fired.
C. If Mary has the will to work, she cannot be fired without cause.
D. Mary can be fired for any reason.
92) Which of the following is true about the Sherman Act?
A. Liability under Section 2 for monopolization requires agreement with another party, but liability under Section 1 for restraint of trade does not.
B. Liability under Section 1 for restraint of trade requires agreement with another party, but liability under Section 2 for monopolization does not.
C. Liability under either Section 1 or Section 2 requires agreement with another party.
D. A business can be liable under either Section 1 or Section 2 without any agreement with another party.
93) If the value of the collateral is less than the debt owed to the secured party, then:
A. The secured party gets to take some other property as collateral so his entire debt is secured.
B. The secured party is unsecured for the excess of debt over the value of the security.
C. The secured party loses the excess of debt over the value of the security.
D. The secured party is still secured for the entire debt owed him.
E. The secured party is unsecured for the entire debt.
94) If you are a creditor, your best protection in the event of the debtor’s bankruptcy (including protection from the debtor’s other creditors) is usually obtained if you had previously received:
A. Audited financial statements of the debtor.
B. The debtor’s agreement to pay you first.
C. A security interest granted by the debtor.
D. A written promise from the debtor to pay the debt as agreed
95) Which of the following terms is not required to be disclosed under the Truth-in-Lending Act?
A. Amount of payment
B. the cash price of the product
C. the annual % rate (APR)
D. total finance charge
E. the term available from competitor
96) Which of the following lists, in descending priority, of sources considered by most courts in settling questions of international law?
A. Treaties, customs, general principles of law, judicial decisions and teachings
B. Conventions, comity, customs, general principles of law
C. Treaties, customs, conventions, comity
D. Conventions, treaties, comity, customs
E. Treaties, customs, conventions, comity
97) Generally speaking, the contract of a minor:
A. must be in writing
B. is not enforceable by the minor
C. is void
D. is voidable at the minor’s option
98) Although the U.S. has had a longstanding agreement with _____ after the passage of NAFTA, _____ became the United States’ second largest trading partner.
A. Canada, Mexico
B. Mexico, Venezuela
C. Canada, Venezuela
D. Mexico, Canada
99) One study found that manufacturing labor costs about _____ an hour in China, compared to _____ dollars in the United States.
A. About $2; about 15
B. $2; about 25
C. Less than $1; about 15
D. Less than $1; about 40
E. Less than $1; about 25
100) Which country does the text describe as becoming the largest producer and consumer of many of the world’s goods?