Sim 3 | Political Science homework help

The War Room

The year is 1956. The Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union is a reality. The world stands on the brink of nuclear annihilation as two international crises converge on the stage of history. You learned about the first of these crises, the Suez Crisis, last week. Recall that France, Great Britain, and Israel invaded the Canal Zone in a bid to retake what had once been a strategically important asset under British and French governments. Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, was not about to sit by idly and let his Egyptian allies get pummeled, so he upped the stakes by issuing the first nuclear threat in history, warning the French and the British that nuclear bombs were about to rain down on Paris and London. Second, and to make matters worse, there was a crisis in Hungary, a country under the political influence of the Soviet Union. In Hungary, there was an anti-Soviet uprising that had spread into open revolt. As Khrushchev looked at events in Egypt and Hungary, he concluded that the Western powers were conspiring against Moscow.

These historic events actually inspired a book titled Red Alert on which the movie, Dr. Strangelove, is based. The movie is a political satire and black comedy that pokes fun at the Cold War. Here, focus on this scene: Dr. Strangelove (1964)—(Movie clip) get Premier Kissoff (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. The President of the United States and his advisors have been informed that Brigadier General Jack D. Ripper, who commands Burpelson Air Force Base, home to the 843rd Bomb Wing of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), has cracked under the strain of command and become unhinged. Ripper has put his bases on high alert lockdown and issued an order for the Wing to attack their targets inside the Soviet Union using Wing Attack Plan R. In this particular scene, President Merkin Muffley and his advisors sit around a great table along with the Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Air Force General Buck Turgidson, played by George C. Scott, advocates a nuclear first-strike against the Soviets to devastate their capabilities and minimize the potential for a nuclear counter-attack. However, it is also clear that the Soviet’s capabilities would not be entirely destroyed, and the United States would suffer at least some nuclear retaliation.

You are President Merkin Muffley. You must make the call. You will deliver your own response to General Buck Turgidson’s recommendations. To do so, follow these steps:

  1. Review this scene from Dr. Strangelove: Dr. Strangelove (1964)—(Movie clip) get Premier Kissoff (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
  2. In one page, respond to General Turgidson. Do you accept his recommendations? Reject them? Would you propose some other solution? Any answer is acceptable, provided that you justify your reasoning with logic. Your analysis should take into account all information contained in the film to this point. Remember, the Soviet ambassador is upstairs, so you haven’t heard about the Doomsday machine yet. You should also consider the strategic realities of the Cold War in your response. For this part, please do not use external sources.
  3. In a separate page, in one paragraph, reflect on your decision. In what way have you shown characteristics of a leader described throughout this course, and other places in your life? In what way have you failed, if at all?
  4. In one paragraph, assess whether your decision was a moral one. In other words, based on your own moral beliefs and ethics, was this ‘right’? For these two final paragraphs (steps 3 and 4 above), you may wish to support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or scholarly sources. If you do so, please review the In-Text Citation Guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and the Common APA Reference List Models (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., and cite your sources in APA format.

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Sim 2 | Political Science homework help

The Suez Crisis

Egypt is a country situated in a strategic location because of a vital waterway that was constructed in the late 19th Century called the Suez Canal. Throughout most of the 19th and 20th Centuries Egypt was a British colonial outpost. The Suez canal was a joint British-French commercial construction project and its significance as a vital international waterway still holds true, as much of Europe’s oil and other important resources pass through the canal every day. Before the canal was built ships carrying cargo had to sail around Africa in order to reach their destinations in European ports. Since the British and French put up most of the money to finance and build the canal, the administrators and harbor pilots who helped run the place on a day-to-day basis were Europeans, not Egyptians. This was the reality until the end of World War II when things started to change, and those changes led to the crisis described below.

After World War II, Egypt, like many former European colonies, became an independent state. A former army officer named Gamal Abdel Nasser emerged as the face of a new generation of political leaders that wanted to lift Egypt out of poverty, to make it self-sufficient and dependent no longer on its foreign colonial masters. In order to achieve his vision, Nasser approached the British and French for loans to build a hydro-electric dam on the Nile River that would generate enough electricity to meet the needs of Egypt’s economic development. But the British and French rejected his request, so Nasser then went to the Americans, who likewise said no. Finally the Soviet Union stepped in and agreed to help, but the loans were not enough to cover the vast sums of money Egypt needed to complete the Aswan High Dam Project, so Nasser and the leadership of Egypt decided to take matters into their own hands by seizing (nationalizing) the Suez Canal. This decision made the British and French very angry, and their response was to launch an invasion of the Canal Zone. The invasion was a disaster for British Prime Minister Anthony Eden. When fighting on the ground led to bloody stalemate, world public opinion turned against him. Moreover, the United States was furious that Britain and France, two close allies, had colluded behind its back and not consulted with President Eisenhower; in fact, Britain and France had not done so because they knew he would have vetoed the whole operation. After the Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, issued a nuclear threat to Britain and France, the United States stepped in by condemning Britain and France at the United Nations, thus siding with the Soviets.

This is where you come in. You are the supreme commander of British military forces and an advisor to the British Prime Minister, Mr. Eden. He has asked you for a two-page policy recommendation. Explain, from your perspective as a military commander, what the Prime Minister’s next steps should be. Should you attack? Should you hold back? Should you attempt some other strategy?

Because this happened in the past, you will not use outside sources for this assignment. Your grade will be determined on the basis of how you present your case using logic and reason.

Therefore, to finish this assignment, complete the following steps:

  1. Read this background article on Egypt: The world factbook: Egypt (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
  2. Review this website, which provides additional details about the Suez Canal, its history, and its strategic importance: Canal history (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
  3. Read this obituary for Nasser, written after this scenario concludes, for some background on his character: From the archive, 29 September 1970: President Nasser dies of heart attack (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
  4. Be sure to read this on the Suez Crisis: The Suez Crisis (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
  5. In two pages, explain, from your perspective as a military commander, what the Prime Minister’s next steps should be. Remember that you are an advisor to Mr. Eden on the eve of his proposed invasion of Egypt. While British and French forces are ready to attack, Mr. Eden is awaiting your opinion before he gives the final command. He has asked you for a two page policy recommendation. Should Britain attack? Should Britain hold back? Or should Britain attempt some other strategy? In your memo, be clear about the pros and cons of your proposed approach, and defend it.

Your final product should be at least two pages in length, formatted in APA style. Remember that you will not use external sources for this assignment.

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Final exam study guide | Political Science homework help


Final Exam Study Guide

POS368 Ethics and Human Rights

Fall 2017 

The following questions constitute the bank of 16 questions from which I will draw 10 questions for the final exam. **NB 6 of these questions will not appear as options on the exam.** In the test you will be required to answer two of the questions. Therefore, to guarantee that questions you study will be on the exam, you should prepare at least 8 of these questions. Please assume that each question has an equal likelihood of appearing on the exam. 

What, for Locke, was the law of nature? What significance does it have for human rights?

Is the idea of universal human rights based on natural law simply a product of English- speaking culture that should be resisted by other cultures around the world?

Name the components of International Human Rights Law. Which are the most significant and why?

What are the differences between first (blue), second (red), and third (green) generation rights?

What is the difference between customary international law and treaty? Does one form a better basis for human rights protection than the other?

How and why do the United States accept international human rights law?

President Trump has, on several occasions, questioned the relevance of the Geneva Conventions to contemporary conflicts. Is he right to do so?

According to Neier, who led the human rights movement in the Soviet Union and her satellites? What does that tell us about human rights movements?

People in the United States are concerned with national, but not international, human rights abuses. Discuss.

What were the differences in approach towards international human rights in the Carter and Reagan Administrations?

What has been the source of AI’s moral authority? Is that moral authority being eroded?

Account for the rise of Human Rights watch. What world events facilitated the increasing influence of the organization. Who was involved?

How worldwide is the worldwide Human Rights movement described in chapter 10 of Neier? How could that be judged?

How does Neier account for the rise of truth and reconciliation commissions? What are the features of the successful ones?

What challenges were faced by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia? How were they overcome?

What role has the US doctrine of prevention played in human rights following 9/11? Does the terrorist threat warrant such a ‘new paradigm’?

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M1_assignment 2: american constitution_pol110 | Political Science homework help


Assignment 2: American Constitution

Following the Revolutionary War and separation from England, the need for a new government was clear. A group of men, who became known as the “nation’s founders” or Founding Fathers, developed a new government based on principles and beliefs they knew through their experiences, readings, and study. The Founding Fathers had a great deal in common with each other, including property interests, education, and extensive political experience. These common experiences and birthrights created a strong consensus about what should be incorporated into the government that would replace England’s.

Troubles developed immediately upon establishment of the United States of America with the 1781 Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. Economic difficulties and means of dividing power between leaders and competing interests caused conflict. The conflicts had to be resolved, and some of the Founding Fathers and others, who would come to be known as the Framers went to Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. However, it became apparent immediately that the Articles could not be revised, and therefore, they were abandoned, and the Framers set about to create a new form of government. Though the effort was eventually successful and resulted in the Constitution, there was a great deal of conflict during its development in the summer of 1787. The form of government established incorporated the ideas of diverse groups, as well as the Framers’ recognition of the need for compromise.

Research the history of the American Constitution using the Argosy University online library resources. Respond to one question from each of the question sets A and B.

A. Creating the Constitution

  • Consider the three constitutional proposals: the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise. If you were a delegate and without the experience of the past 200 years, which constitutional proposal would you have supported? Why?
  • Why do you think the framers were silent on the issue of slavery in the wording of the Constitution? What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
  • What were the issues in the Constitutional Convention? Who were the Federalists and Anti-Federalists?

B. Living with the Constitution

  • What are the formal and informal methods of constitutional change?
  • How do checks and balances work in the lawmaking process today? Which current and important events do you think are examples of the success of checks and balances?
  • Do you think the Constitution is a relevant political document for the twenty-first century? What new amendments might be appropriate today?

Write your response to each in 150–200 words.

By the due date assigned, post your response to the appropriate Discussion Area.Through the end of module, review and comment on at least three peers’ responses.

Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsQuality of initial posting, including fulfillment of assignment instructions16Quality of responses to classmates12Frequency of responses to classmates4Reference to supporting readings and other materials4Language and grammar4Total:40 

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M1_assignment 3: bill of rights_pol110


Assignment 3: Bill of Rights

When the Constitution was completed in the summer of 1787, approval by representatives from nine of the thirteen states was needed for it to become the nation’s law. The issue of individual rights was managed—though this, too, created conflict among the Framers—with the addition of the Bill of Rights. Change was written into the supreme law of the land; since then, legal institutionalization of changes has occurred. Since the Constitution’s adoption, change has taken place through the amendment process identified in the Constitution. Change has also occurred under the direction of the branches of government established in the Constitution: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary.


The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Review the Bill of Rights in your textbook and select one of the first ten amendments to research more thoroughly. Using the Argosy University online library resources, select at least three peer-reviewed articles about the amendment you have selected. Look specifically for articles that focus on current events or controversies related to the amendment and be prepared to summarize the content of each article.

Annotated Bibliography

Prepare an annotated bibliography of your research. Please read Annotated Bibliography.pdf for an overview on annotated bibiographies. Click here for an example of what an annotated bibliography looks like. Include the following:

  • For each article, write details such as the article title, author name, journal title, and publication date.
  • Write a summary of each article in 200–250 words.
  • Write the conclusions you have drawn from research and your opinion in 1–2 paragraphs.
  • Write a reference list of the selected articles in APA style.

Write a 2–3-page annotated bibliography in Word format. Apply APA standards for writing style to your work. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M1_A3.doc. For example, if your name is John Smith, your document will be named SmithJ_M1_A3.doc.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

Assignment 3 Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsArticles selected are from peer-reviewed sources and relevant to the topic.12Summary demonstrates comprehension of the articles and includes important information.40Conclusions are thoughtful and logical and are supported by research and reasons.28Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.20Total:100 

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Response 1 db1 | Political Science homework help

Brainstorm various scenarios that also exemplify the tragedy of the commons problem.

One of the scenarios that I brainstormed concerning the tragedy of the commons would be The Stag Hunt and Social Choice. According to our textbook “The Stag Hunt demonstrates how the interdependence of actions and choices affects collective efforts to attain a goal, such as the preservation of the commons” Van Belle, D. A. (2016). The scenario given is that Bob’s father, Bah, is a hunter and has a tough decision to make regarding the hunting of a rabbit. If he and the other hunters stay in formation in a circle they have 75% chance of killing the stag, which feeds everyone for two days. However, the rabbit is right in front of him he has a 100% chance of getting it but can only feed his family for one day. That stag hunt is a collective effort meaning Bah must also consider the other hunter’s choices and how they might impact the hunt as well as the possibility that someone else will break from the circle to take the rabbit. The social choice is a dynamic illustration of the stag hunt and what drives even the enlightened to overexploit the commons. “This dynamic is exacerbated by the economic realities of the situation” Van Belle, D. A. (2016). 

Describe one of your scenarios you brainstormed concerning the tragedy of the commons.

The scenario that I brainstormed concerning the tragedy of the commons is The Stag Hunt. This game describes a conflict between safety and social cooperation. Other names for it or its variants include assurance game, coordination game, and the trust dilemma. The stag hunt is broken down into terms of a situation in which two individuals go out on a hunt. Each individual chooses to hunt a stag or hunt a hare. Each person much chooses an action without knowing the choice of the other. If a person hunts a stag he must have the cooperation of his partner in order to succeed. At the same time, an individual can get a hare by himself but a hare is worth less than a stag. This is taken to be an important analogy for social cooperation. 

Discuss some of the potential political problems for governments to resolve that this tragedy would produce.

The closest approximation of this is International Relations are universal treaties, like the Kyoto Protocol environmental treaty. In the long term, environmental regulation, in theory, protects us all, but even if most of the countries sign the treaty and regulate, some like China and the US will not for sovereignty reasons, or because they are experiencing great economic gain. 

Finally, explain how the scenario is a conflict between the ideal and the real

The game is said to be in Nash Equilibrium when no player has the incentive to change their strategy given the strategies of all other players that are playing. The scenario is also a conflict because if there is not cooperation an issue can not simply be taken care of properly. 


Van Belle, D. A. (2016). A novel approach to politics. Thousand Oaks, CA: CQ Press.

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Political science final 2 | Political Science homework help


Marks: 1

Public Opinion has no precise, universally agreed-on definition. However, according to Bernard Hennessy, public opinion is simply ______________________ expressed by a significant number of persons on an issue of general importance.

Choose one answer.


a. Surveys


b. the aggregate of views men hold that affect the community


c. the complex of preferences


d. what the government decides the people want


Marks: 1

Surveys have found that the American public is _______________ about politics. What is the reason?

Choose one answer.


a. Knowledgeable and bias


b. Enthusiastic


c. Indifferent and uninformed


d. Interested and militant


Marks: 1

 Even though there are ideological differences among whites, Kinder and Sanders found that on the issue of race that whites are:

Choose one answer.


a. More vocal than before


b. Less Likely to Express their Opinions


c. Consistent in their thoughts


d. Showing more distinct differences than before


Marks: 1

In 1978, only 15% of whites believed that African Americans were inferior, reduced from 31% in 1963. These studies also show that most whites say that they:

Choose one answer.


a. Hate the Ku Klux Klan


b. Embrace the principle of racial equality


c. Are ready to embrace Affirmative Action


d. Would like to end the segregation that continues to exist


Marks: 1

Although white hostility toward African Americans has not disappeared, it has become less obvious and more difficult to document. How is this new form of racism been identified?

Choose one answer.


a. “modern and symbolic racism”


b. “disguised racism”


c. “capitalist oriented racism”


d. “racial resentment”


Marks: 1

Through research, Jennifer Hochschild found that ___________tends to see more discrimination?

Choose one answer.


a. Every class receives equal amounts of discrimination.


b. Upper-class blacks


c. Middle-class blacks


d. Low-class blacks


Marks: 1

During which decade was African American trust in the government high?

Choose one answer.


a. 1970s


b. 1960s


c. 1990s


d. 1980s


Marks: 1

The deep racial divide between African Americans and Whites are reflected in responses to such issues as:

Choose one answer.


a. AIDS, Highways, Abortion


b. Hurricane Katrina, Crime, the Environment


c. Crime, AIDs, Hurricane Katrina


d. Abortion, Crime and the Environment


Marks: 1

A CNN/USA Today poll found that _______ of African Americans believed that the government’s response to Hurricane Katrina was delayed based on race, while only ________ of whites believed so, reflecting a sense of alienation among African Americans.

Choose one answer.


a. 80%, 30%


b. 60%, 12%


c. 40%, 60%


d. 20%, 70%


Marks: 1

Those who support an active role in government, government spending on social issues, higher taxation and tolerance on social issues are defined as:

Choose one answer.


a. Conservatives


b. Independent Voters


c. Right-Winged


d. Liberals


Marks: 1

Although African Americans are more liberal on the role of the government in universalizing rights, they are not so liberal on what kinds of issues?

Choose one answer.


a. Gender and racial


b. social and moral


c. ethical and economical


d. none of the above


Marks: 1

While African Americans embrace most tenets of the liberal ideology, the National Black Politics Survey (1993) indicate that they also embrace elements of black ___________________.

Choose one answer.


a. nationalism


b. radicalism


c. opinion


d. patriotism


Marks: 1

On the issue of government ownership of private enterprises, what percentage of Blacks believe that government should reduce income inequality between rich and poor, compared to what percentage of whites _________?

Choose one answer.


a. 64%; 29%


b. 75% ; 59%


c. 59% ; 80 %


d. 73%; 44%


Marks: 1

What are the two dimensions of Black Nationalism?

Choose one answer.


a. separatist nationalism and militant nationalism


b. organized nationalism and community nationalism


c. individualistic nationalism and militant nationalism


d. community nationalism and separatist nationalist


Marks: 1

Which form of nationalism “rejects inclusion within-the white-dominated American state and seeks the creation of a new homeland.”

Choose one answer.


a. organized nationalism


b. separatist nationalism


c. pan-africanism


d. community nationalism


Marks: 1

Which African American economical class tends to support separatist nationalism?

Choose one answer.


a. Lower Class


b. Mid-Upper Class


c. Middle-Class


d. Upper-class


Marks: 1

On the survey entitled, “African American Autonomy in Mass Public Opinion,” the majority of African Americans agreed with which statement?

Choose one answer.


a. Black children should study an African language


b. Blacks should shop in black stores whenever possible


c. Blacks should control the government in black communities


d. Blacks should rely on themselves and not others


Marks: 1

 _____________nationalists doubt that they will accomplish their goals and therefore are quite pessimistic about the future?

Choose one answer.


a. Militant


b. Community


c. Organized


d. Separatist


Marks: 1

A very strong kind of adherence to the nationalist ideology is associated with________________ from whites but not gays, lesbians, feminist, or middle-class blacks.

Choose one answer.


a. Disaffection


b. Endearment


c. Misinterpretation


d. none of the above


Marks: 1

In what era did feminism emerge as an important ideology in African American politics?

Choose one answer.


a. 1050s


b. 1930s


c. 1990s


d. 1970s


Marks: 1

Race remains the dominant screen through which black women view politics. What is the  primary reason for this perspective?

Choose one answer.


a. gender is a weak vehicle for political identification


b. gender is a strong vehicle for political identification


c. women feel that their issues are less important than race issues


d. none of the above


Marks: 1

There are differences among feminist based on such characteristics as class, race and sexual orientation. This means that feminism is not ____________________.

Choose one answer.


a. supportive of ethical problems


b. political


c. monolithic


d. supportive of the racial fight for equality


Marks: 1

Which issue is widely supported by black organizations and leaders, except for black nationalists?  

Choose one answer.


a. equal employment


b. abortion rights


c. age


d. support for child care


Marks: 1

What would not be a focus of liberal feminism?

Choose one answer.


a. the Violence Against Women Act


b. health and child care


c. abortion


d. drug use amongst black athletes


Marks: 1

What is the weakest of ideologies among African Americans?

Choose one answer.


a. Feminism


b. Marxism


c. Black Nationalism


d. Conservatism


Marks: 1

In the first black newspaper, Samuel Cornish and John B. Russwurm expressed the need for a black press. They said “We wish to plead our own cause. Too long have others spoken for us.” What was the name of this newspaper founded in 1827, by these two pioneers?

Choose one answer.


a. Freedom’s Journal


b. David Walkers Appeal


c. North Star


d. The Afro American


Marks: 1

Which two institutions have been central to the African American freedom struggle?

Choose one answer.


a. The black press and black politics.


b. The black press and black political organizations.


c. The black church and the politics of resistance.


d. The black church and the black press


Marks: 1

What role has the African American press not played in black society and politics?

Choose one answer.


a. A Socialization Agent


b. Vehicle of protest against racism and white supremacy


c. Portrayed positive images of blacks.


d. None of the Above


Marks: 1

Choose one answer.


a. Provide local support against racism


b. Provide national commentary against racism


c. Focus on civic, cultural and religious affairs on a local level


d. Provide social and political news to African Americans


Marks: 1

Which of the following is not representative of the current state of the black press in America:

Choose one answer.


a. African Americans own 10 percent of radio stations


b. African Americans own 0.6 percent of full power television stations


c. 450 black oriented radio stations


d. 200 weekly papers


Marks: 1

What is the name of the African American newspaper in Los Angeles

Choose one answer.


a. The Los Angeles Inquiry


b. The Los Angeles Herald


c. The Los Angeles Sentinel


d. None of the Above


Marks: 1

According to the text, what black media personality is lauded as the most powerful voice in black media with an audience of about 10 million listeners in more than 100 cities-an audience equivalent to that of Howard Stern and Rush Limbaugh?

Choose one answer.


a. Tom Joyner


b. Michael Basin


c. Steve Harvey


d. Tavis Smiley


Marks: 1

National general circulation news and information magazines, such as Ebony and Jet tend to focus on _________.

Choose one answer.


a. the black upper classes


b. poverty and racism


c. news and celebrities


d. celebrities, consumerism and the black middle class


Marks: 1

 What happened to Emerge Magazine, which is viewed as the only serious national black news magazine?

Choose one answer.


a. Jet and Ebony magazine was more profitable


b. It was transformed into a Hip Hop Magazine


c. Robert Johnson of BET began to emphasize only on Hip Hop Videos


d. It was shut down because it failed to make a profit


Marks: 1

The racial “digital divide” has narrowed significantly since 2000 where it was estimated that only 36 percent of blacks were online compared to 54 percent of whites, 41 percent of English speaking Latinos, and 69 percent of Asian Americans. As of 2006, what was the estimated percentage of blacks who were officially online?

Choose one answer.


a. 52 percent


b. 40 percent


c. 85 percent


d. 61 percent


Marks: 1

What is the purpose of the National Newspaper Publishers Association?

Choose one answer.


a. Serve as a trade association for black newspapers


b. To distribute news from the black media


c. None of the Above


d. All of the Above


Marks: 1

What is meant by the term “mass media” in the U.S.?

Choose one answer.


a. The mass media refers to news as well as the people who deliver it worldwide.


b. Business corporations that provide news, information and entertainment in order to make a profit.


c. The mass media refers to any source that provides information simply for the sake of disseminating that info.


d. The mass media refers to all news outlets worldwide.


Marks: 1

In the age where media conglomerates exist to turn large profits, many media companies have been purchased by large multinational corporations. Which of the following media companies is not paired up with its actual corporate owner:

Choose one answer.


a. ABC—Walt Disney


b. BET—Time Warner


c. NBC—General Electric


d. CBS—Viacom


Marks: 1

For the African American community, what is the negative result of the trend of media conglomeration?

Choose one answer.


a. More Reality shows that feature Flava Flav types


b. More News that African Americans may not like.


c. Loss of independent African American voices in the media.


d. More Entertainment shows that stereotype African Americans


Marks: 1

When did mainstream news outlets begin to hire African American news personnel for the first time. 

Choose one answer.


a. In the 1960s, after the riots


b. In 1992, after the Rodney King Rebellion


c. In the 1990s, after the O.J. Simpson Trial


d. In the 1930’s after the new deal


Marks: 1

What two viable and culturally vital black products were discontinued as a result of the 3 billion dollar buy out and take over of BET by one of the large multi-national corporations?

Choose one answer.


a. Tavis Smiley Show—Emerge Magazine


b. Emerge Magazine—Def Poetry Jam


c. The Basement—Tavis Smiley Show


d. Def Poetry Jam—Teen Summit


Marks: 1

African Americans make up _____ of the important decision-making positions of news director in television.

Choose one answer.


a. 0.6%


b. 1.2%


c. 10%


d. 0%


Marks: 1

According to Herbert Gans, the sole objective of mass media is to_____________________. 

Choose one answer.


a. Sell the world an Americanized perspective to see the world.


b. Report the facts objectively


c. Preserve the social order


d. Sensationalize all events to make them newsworthy


Marks: 1

Media scholars, Dates and Barlow observed that stereotypes in the media are ________________________________.

Choose one answer.


a. the by products of a massive white inferiority complex.


b. templates that ultimately become a self fulfilling prophecy


c. frozen, incapable of growth, change, innovation or transformation


d. not actually stereotypes, but a way of expressing the black life for easier packaging.


Marks: 1

Historically and at present there is a strong tendency for white mass media to create stimuli that activates racial attitudes and stereotypes when dealing with blacks. In short, there is an image presentation problem. What was one of the first works that addressed this problem in political terms and who was the author?

Choose one answer.


a. Representin’—S. Craig Watkins


b. Behold a Pale Horse—William Cooper.


c. The White Press and Black America—Carolyn Martindale.


d. A Horse of a Different Color: Television’s Treatment of Jesse Jackson’s Presidential Campaign—C. Anthony Broh.


Marks: 1

In the post-civil rights era, the African American press has declined as an instrument of protest. What reason is given for this downward trend?

Choose one answer.


a. This adversely impacts the protest motive of the black press.


b. All black cultural products have shifted from protest to entertainment White Supremacy and racism are less overt and therefore it is difficult to target the problem.


c. Protest as a mode of expression in the digital age is seen as a waste of time by those who consume media so the market for protest media is becoming obsolete.


d. Funding


Marks: 1

In general, to what does the text attribute the lack of black newspaper readership?

Choose one answer.


a. This is the age of the visual, so newspapers are not the primary source of disseminated information.


b. General knowledge of the existence of black print media sources has been lost and replaced by word of mouth, via networking sites such as facebook, twitter and my space.


c. Mainstream media does a somewhat better job in the post-civil rights era of covering the internal life of the black community.


d. The interest level in mainstream media and the stories presented as newsworthy has declined.


Marks: 1

Ida B. Wells Barnett, perhaps the greatest journalist of her time was affectionately referred to as_____________________.

Choose one answer.


a. The Great Organizer.


b. Princess of the Black Press.


c. The Great Liberator


d. Lola


Marks: 1

What was Wells best known for?

Choose one answer.


a. For being an outspoken black leader.


b. For raising her siblings at the age of 16.


c. Her campaign against lynching.


d. The fact that she was a Black woman who could write well.


Marks: 1

Ida B. Wells Barnett was the founder of which national organization that continues to exist today.

Choose one answer.


a. The Afro-American Association


b. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People


c. The Black Women’s Alliance


d. The National Urban League

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Political science essay | Political Science homework help

please read the attached document which covers how to write a political science essay.  Please research and write a 2 page/1000 word paper on any topic we have covered in this course that pertains to state and local government.  It doesn’t have to be Florida-centric, and, just like your midterm project, it can be on a broad topic like:  climate change, immigration, abortion, same-sex marriage, marijuana legalization,  etc; or you can look at a very specific issue:  California privatized prisons policy, Florida environmental legislation (state bill X), Stand your Ground laws, Water safety issues, Disaster preparedness in Seminole and Orange Counties, Gerrymandering in Asheville, NC, etc. I like these assignments to give you the opportunity to research a topic of interest to you.  Please be creative and really learn more about a given topic. 

Make this a research and argument paper– Don’t use words like “I think environmental policy x is….. In my opinion…”; make a clear argument, “Environmental policy x needs to be reformed because…. or Environmental policy x satisfies the requirements of the community because….”

You’ll need to cite any facts/ information/ data from reputable resources– not wiki or Jim’s political blog; these need to be peer reviewed journals and publications (NY Times, WSJ, Washington Post, political science books and journals, local city/ state reports directly from govt sites, local papers, etc. 

You can pick which ever topic your best at! Please make you you can complete it by the due date. whichever

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Discussion post and response | Political Science homework help

Issue ownership is the notion that parties strategically focus on and represent certain issues in order to do well with voters.

What is your reaction to this week’s reading on issue ownership and the information contained in the link above? What issues do the Democratic and Republican Parties “own” today? In what ways have they lost ground or experienced recent “trespassing” of these issues? Speculate on which issues Democrats and Republicans will attempt to own and trespass on in the 2020 General Election.

*Note: Reaction posts should be 2 paragraphs in length.

This will be a response to a student max 4 sentences this 

After doing the reading for this week I have a much better grasp on what exactly issue ownership is; the idea that voters associate certain issues with certain parties. As described in the reading from, tax cut issues would be more closely associated with the Republican party while environmental issues would be more closely associated with the Democratic party. Current issues that are “owned” by the Republican party are more fiscal while issues that are “owned” by Democrats are more social. 

 Trespassing of issues has actually helped parties gain credibility with voters. As noted in the readings, when things that were discussed among party members that were already associated with said party, little progress was made. However, when they began “trespassing” on issues that the other party identified with the trespassing party gained credibility. In 2020 I believe that Republicans will begin to dip their feet in more social reformation issues while Democrats do the same with fiscal issues. 

need it done 8 hours from now

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Ashley claire | Political Science homework help