Instructions: Please note: the research subject will be the use of opioids and The Role of Pharmaceutical Companies in the Opioid Epidemic
Unit II Annotated Bibliography
Follow the directions below for the completion of the Annotated Bibliography assignment for Unit II. If you have questions,
please email your professor for assistance.
Purpose: The purpose of the annotated bibliography is to summarize the sources that you have gathered to
support your research proposal project. These summaries help you to think about the complex arguments
presented in your sources.
Description: In this assignment, you will create an annotated bibliography consisting of seven sources. Each entry
will consist of a reference list citation, a summary of the source’s information, and a one-sentence assessment.
Each annotation should be between 150 to 200 words. If an entry is shorter than 150 words, it is likely you have
not fully developed your summary, and this lack of development can severely impact your grade for this
Example: Click here to access the annotated bibliography example
Running head: RISE AND FALL OF THE PERSONAL ESSAY 1
Rise and Fall of the Personal Essay in Media
Columbia Southern University
This is the running head. The words “Running
head” and the colon should only appear on title
page. If the title of your paper is longer than 50
characters (including spaces) shorten it in the
running head as seen here.
Annotated Bibliography Format Checklist
1 inch margins
Times New Roman (suggested)
Paragraphs indentation of .5 inch
All seven references in alphabetical
Each annotation is 150-200 words
RISE AND FALL 2
Rise and Fall of the Personal Essay in Media
Almanza, M., Pfizer, A., & Mousislli, H. (2016). The dread rise. Journal of Journalism Studies,
7(89), 134-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.2597/234-4722.2016.05
This source is an article for the con side of the research topic. Almanza, Pfizer,
and Mousislli examine blogs and internet sites that allowed amateur writers to publish or
self-publish whatever stories they chose. The authors provide examples of stories as
tinder for their strong polemic on the personal essay. They also include a graph that
details the start of what they term the “Dread Rise,” or the rise in popularity of the
personal essay; the graph starts in 2008 and ends in late 2016. The graph will be used as a
visualization of the rise and fall of personal essays. Almanza et al. also argue that the
more confessional personal essays devalue the entire literary community by allowing
writers to publish work based on shock value instead of literary merit. They provide a
few excerpts from confessional essays that are truly absurd to thoroughly prove their
point. These excerpts will be used to argue the con part of the research paper’s argument.
Gordon, F., & Arden, D. (2014). The personal era of writing fiction, nonfiction, and everything
else. New York, NY: Indie Presses.
Gordon and Arden discuss how the confessional, or personal, essay has affected
nonfiction, fiction, and other genres of writing. They present two fiction and nonfiction
examples each and discuss the changes in form and diction. Examples of poetry and
feature articles are also provided and examined. Gordon and Arden believe that the rise in
personal and confessional essays affected the formal nature of writing in all genres. They
note that, societally, formality has changed writing and everything else, but there is a First, list your
reference in APA Style. The annotation, or summary of the source, should begin under the reference. Indent the first line of the paragraphs in your annotations. Center the title of your paper above the first reference.
RISE AND FALL 3
large difference in the writing of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and feature writing after the resurgence of the personal essay. There was also a rise in the personal and sometimes irrelevant information included in an attempt to get readers to engage with a particular
publication exclusively. The readerships for the publications publishing personal essays went up, but all of them saw a huge drop off in November 2016, causing a major shift in the editorial processes of many publishers online or otherwise. Many online publishers closed. The examples of the different kind of writing will be used to show the differences
in the writing styles.
Ma, Y., Turoi, M., Cho, J., & Idowu, A. (2015). A study of media and journalism. JournalJournal,
7(2), 13–25. doi:10.559/wjp.v5.i3.2313
This is another neutral source that simply lists certain aspects of journalism that
have changed over time. The authors documented the usage of certain words and types of
writing—essays, interviews, cover stories, and others. In their study, Ma, Turoi, Cho, and
Idowu noticed a spike in personal and confessional essays in journalism around 2008 and a decline eight years later at the end of 2016. They speak on the reasons for this particular phenomenon and include a number of interviews from journalists at two national news organizations and three newspapers in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles. The study managed to present a balanced set of data that shows both the increase in the websites using the personal essay boom for profit and authentic websites that were created to combat the rise of personal essay news. This resource will be used to provide a different perspective on the negative part of the argument. You can also include how you will use the
source in your paper.
RISE AND FALL 4
National Personal Essay Society & Writers of Antarctica. (2013). Let us confess. Retrieved from
The National Personal Essay Society (NPES) and Writers of Antarctica (WOA)
discuss the internet sites and blogging platforms that ushered in the new age of personal
essays. Both organizations provide data on the effects of the personal and confessional
essay boom and attribute the rise in writers and journalists to this boom. Twitter is also
mentioned as a gate way to many young writers (the authors define young as 18-30) exploring the craft of prose and where it intersects with news; many of them found their writing skill through writing terribly inaccurate, yet stylistically interesting personal essays. The NPES and WOA praise these writers and credit them with the return of fiction and nonfiction that explores the depth of the human condition. They also list a few of the writers that have gained respect through the personal and confessional essay. Theorganizations note that this respect came partially due to the writers’ abilities to transition
from purely confessional and sometimes self-serving essays to more literary or
journalistic writing. This is a source with a very positive view of the argument.
Personal essay. (2016). In The Funk & Rollion Old World Encyclopedia. Retrieved from Funk &
Rollion Old World Encyclopedia database. This article describes the use of personal essays in media. It details the different
uses of the personal or narrative essays and their reception since the last 1800s and early
1900s. Personal essays have never been considered reputable accounts. This resource
shows that this has changed throughout time as more and more newspapers, online and in
print, focus on them. The encyclopedia entry also provides dates for important milestones
you would in a
RISE AND FALL 5
in the personal essay’s history and notes important writers that cracked the personal, or
confessional, essay industry. It also notes that the fall of the personal essay was partly
due to shifting societal needs. This source is extremely important to the foundation of the
research paper; it provides dates and objective analysis on the personal essay from its rise
in popularity to its fall. The source will be the neutral source in that provides background
information, dates, and names of important personal essay writers.
Potter, H., Anders, D., Smith, C., Hash, M., Toppingham, P., Jacobson, Z., … Kim, S. (2013).
Disconnections in journalism and the personal narrative. PLoS ONE, 5(27).
This resource was a collaboration between 37 authors that cataloged the internet’s
response to news stories from the major news outlets. The authors compared this
information to the responses garnered by the literary sites accepting the occasional new worthy submission. Many of the websites specializing in showcasing creative writing genres received an influx of stories that were personal essays but contained news elements and angles not often taken by the national news outlets. Because of the influx of this kind of prose, the sites started to publish them; from there they gained traction and ballooned the viewership of these sites. Potter et al. mention that at the height of this boom, the actual news content dwindled, and the confessional nature of them became alternative for the sake of readers and hits. This resource will be used to highlight the negative impact the confession essay wave had on news in general.
In an annotated bibliography, you do not need to cite paraphrased information. It is not a best practice to include directly quoted information in your annotations.
RISE AND FALL 6
Wong, P. S. (2016). Love for the confessional nature. Current Lit, 12(4), 23-27.
Wong argues that confessing is part of the human condition as much as lying, and
it is cathartic to write in such a manner. She cites the restorative effects of journaling as
indicator of this and provides statistics that show the correlation between journaling and
improved mood. Wong uses this data to stress the importance of the confessional nature of the more recent personal essays, and denounces critics of it. She does side with the critics on one point, however. She agrees that there is a place for the confessional or personal essay. While it is important to confess, Wong mentions that audiences should not become stand-in priests; too much of the confessional essays can sink a career. This is what she says happened when the stock in personal essays fell. People were tired of reading purely personal information and started to switch to more informational reading material. Remember that the purpose of the assignment is to summarize the source you have
gathered for your research paper in your own words, so directly quoted material is not required. You will not need to provide your opinions or personal experience.
Present the information relevant to your research paper topic in 150-200 words.
Number of Pages: 4 Pages
Deadline: 24 hours
Academic Level: College
Paper Format: APA