Discussion 1: evidence-based practices: how do you know they are


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For this Discussion you will develop a working definition of “evidence-based practice” after reading different perspectives on what it means for practices to have a strong evidence base. This definition will assist with future modules as you explore what evidence-based practice looks like in academic and social-emotional instruction within special education.

To prepare:

· Review this module’s Learning Resources and analyze the perspectives for what makes a strategy evidence-based.

· Develop a definition of “evidence-based practice” based on the information gathered from the readings.

· Select two peer-reviewed articles written within the past 3 years that report on a study using evidence-based practices to support your definition.

· Review the Appendix B Checklist from the U.S. Department of Education’s Identifying and Implementing Educational Practices Supported by Rigorous Evidence article in the module’s Learning Resources.

· Review the CEC Standards for Evidence-Based Practices in Special Education.

· Review the CEC evidence-based practice news release.

Post your “evidence-based practice” definition and an evaluation of your selected articles addressing the following:

· A citation for each article and an explanation as to why it was selected

· How would you evaluate the findings based on the checklist? How do the articles measure up to the standards addressed in the checklist?

· How might someone evaluate an observed teaching practice to determine the extent to which it is research-based?

· In what ways might there be differences in the interpretation of what evidence-based specialized instruction is, depending on the particular disability area?

Support your responses with specific references to the Learning Resources and outside resources, as well as personal experience.

                                                Learning Resources

Note: To access this week‘s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Required Readings

Coyne, M. D., Kame’enui, E. J., & Carnine, D. W. (2011). Effective teaching strategies that accommodate diverse learners (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

  • Chapter 1, “Introduction”
  • Chapter 2, “Characteristics of Students with      Diverse Learning and Curricular Needs”

Burns, M. K., & Ysseldyke, J. E. (2009). Reported prevalence of evidence-based instructional practices in special education. Journal of Special Education, 43(1), 3-11.

Cook, B. G., & Cook, S. C. (2013). Unraveling evidence-based practices in special education. The Journal of Special Education, 47(2), 71-82.

Cook, B. G., Tankersley, M., & Landrum, T. J. (2009). Determining evidence-based practices in special education. Exceptional Children, 75(3), 365-383.

Test, D. W., Kemp-Inman, A., Diegelmann, K., Hitt, S. B., & Bethune, L. (2015). Are online sources for identifying evidence-based practices trustworthy? An evaluation. Exceptional Children, 82(1), 58-80.

Council for Exceptional Children. (2014). Council for Exceptional Children standards for evidence-based practices in special education. Retrieved from http://www.cec.sped.org/~/media/Files/Standards/Evidence%20based%20Practices%20and%20Practice/EBP%20FINAL.pdf

Council for Exceptional Children. (2014). CEC releases evidence-based practice standards [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.cec.sped.org/~/media/Files/Standards/Evidence%20based%20Practices%20and%20Practice/CEC%20Evidence%20Based%20Practice%20News%20Release.pdf

Note: Students will use this as resource for the remainder of the course.

U.S. Department of Education. (2003, December). Identifying and implementing educational practices supported by rigorous evidence: A user friendly guide. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/research/pubs/rigorousevid/guide.html#title

Note: Look for the PDF download link.

What Works Clearinghouse. (2008). Procedures and standards handbook (version 2.1). Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/pdf/reference_resources/wwc_procedures_v2_1_standards_handbook.pdf

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2012b). Introduction to specialized instruction [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 2 minutes.

Accessible player  –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio Download Transcript 

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