Exam: 501759rr ethics in prison, probation, and parole

1. Which of the following statements regarding torture is true?
A. It inspires others to join the tortured person’s cause.
B. It’s ethical because it’s used by terrorists, too.
C. It results in bad publicity for the torturers.
D. It doesn’t result in reliable information.
2. The biggest ethical issue revolving around incarceration of suspected terrorists is
A. deportation.
B. preventive detention.
C. torture.
D. profiling.
3. Conspiracy law allows a prosecutor to
A. invade the privacy of American citizens.
B. interdict a terrorist plot prior to the act being carried out.
C. “sneak and peek.”
D. engage in combatant-style training with terrorist organizations.
4. According to the Federal Rules of Evidence, an expert is one who
A. can testify based on his or her knowledge, skills, experience, training, and education.
B. is called to explain scientific evidence in layman’s terms.
C. may not be hired by the prosecution.
D. must serve when appointed by the court.
5. Which of the following statements applies to correctional officers?
A. The correctional officers’ code of ethics emphasizes integrity, protection of individual rights, and service to the public.
B. The correctional officers’ subculture is fairly consistent with their formal code of ethics.
C. The correctional officers’ code of ethics bears little similarity to the law enforcement code of ethics.
D. The correctional officers’ subculture permits lugging drugs and weapons for inmates.
6. The issue that makes racial profiling an ethical question is whether or not it’s used
A. toward African Americans.
B. justifiably for investigative purposes.
C. in conjunction with behavior.
D. toward American citizens.
7. The case against a woman charged with theft of clothing from Nordstrom’s was thrown out because the
A. woman was held against her will.
B. investigators followed her beyond their area of authority.
C. woman hadn’t left the store.
D. investigator was armed.
8. The National Academy of Science deemed that forensic science disciplines
A. doesn’t need to be standardized.
B. have strong hypotheses in place before conducting an investigation.
C. can’t be beholden to law enforcement.
D. be incorporated into basic cadet training at the police academy.
9. Of the most common personality types found in inmates, the one that’s defined by rapidly shifting
emotions, rash decision-making, dramatic and exaggerated emotionability, and excessive self-centeredness
is the _______ personality.
A. histrionic
B. narcissistic
C. borderline
D. antisocial
10. Community corrections is usually the responsibility of
A. minimum-security prison personnel.
B. halfway house administration.
C. probation and parole personnel.
D. the prosecutor’s office.
11. The first step in being able to act ethically inside the prison system is to
A. recognize that formal training doesn’t apply in real-life prison situations.
B. buck the chain of command.
C. know the policies of the institution.
D. find out who the power brokers are.
12. Community corrections encompass
A. solitary confinement.
B. halfway houses.
C. minimum-security prisons
D. maximum-security prisons.
13. Since 9/11, the United States has detained thousands of people for long periods of time under
A. terrorist charges.
B. illegal immigration charges.
C. a false edict.
D. a new Constitutional amendment.
14. In Padilla v. Hanft, the Supreme Court
A. declared just how dangerous an individual must be to be sentenced to prolonged detention.
B. failed to establish criteria for justifying indefinite detention of a man the president claimed was an enemy combatant.
C. clarified the expression “providing material support to a terrorist organization.”
D. specified the criteria the U.S. had to use to determine if someone is an enemy combatant.
15. The Innocence Project identified _______ as one of the key causes of wrongful convictions.
A. flawed forensic science
B. fingerprint inaccuracies
C. inexpert testimony
D. jury confusion
16. A major issue encouraging ethical deviations when CCTV is used is the
A. ease with which video can be manipulated.
B. lack of sound.
C. lack of state regulation.
D. high number of blacked out areas.
17. Police lie-detection rates in experimental settings are shown to be approximately _______ percent
A. 50–60
B. 75–80
C. 95–98
D. 85–90
18. Correctional officers rely on _______ power primarily to get inmates to comply with the rules.
A. coercive and reward
B. coercive and referent
C. expert and coercive
D. legitimate and expert
19. The agency approach to prosecuting suspected terrorists
A. reinforces the concept of innocent until proven guilty.
B. reflects the fact that legal action can be deemed unethical.
C. negates an attorney’s obligation to protect the innocent.
D. most closely adheres to Bill of Rights requirements.
20. The rationale for punishment and correction comes from
A. egoism.
B. the 

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