Healthcare policy analysis and development (hcm550) 4 pages (2nd copy)

 

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*Healthcare Policy Analysis and Development (HCM550)

*Type of homework : Critical thickening.

*Notes: I attached the book and article links for reading . 

please read :

Need the plagiarism below 18%===================================================================Critical Thinking Assignment (105 points) Taking  the policy you discussed in Module 1, look at the Systems Model on the  policy process, Figure 1.3  (Problem Identification, Policy Formulation,  Policy Implementation, Policy Evaluation) on page 36 in your  textbook.  Write a paper with the purpose of overcoming the problems described by  the four Rs (Reaction,  Repetition, Results, and Raising Funds) on page  57.  Assume the role of the leader who will be  building a coalition by creating a policy vision for the internal and   external stakeholders of your geographical area or country. First, begin  by identifying the deficiencies in a global policy  that you have researched so that you can establish a policy vision by  determining the needed funding for  the services you feel must be  provided and including that in the policy. Explain how your policy would  benefit  your target population. 

Include the following  headings/sections in your submission:   Introduction—Describe the population affected by the policy   Deficiencies of—Name of Global Policy  Vision of Changes—Needed what  needs to change to make the policy better  Gaining Support for the  Vision—Internal and external  Needed Funding—Where will funding come  from for services discussed in the policy  Conclusions  ReferencesYour paper should meet the following requirements:   Be 3‐4 pages in length, not including the cover or reference pages.   Provide support for your statements with in‐text citations from a  minimum of six scholarly articles. Two of these sources may be from the  class readings, textbook, or lectures, but four must be external.  Be  formatted according to Saudi Electronic University and APA writing  guidelines.  Remember to utilize headings to organize the content in  your work. 

This is it what been missing:

Required

Recommended

For Your Success

Welcome  to Healthcare Policy and Development. Your success  in this class will  be determined by the level of understanding of the material  provided  and the questions you ask. There are no unimportant questions in this   course, nor are there wrong positions, as long as you can support them  with  references. Some of the material presented in the course will be  completely  new; however, linking the concepts to real-world experience  will enable you to  digest the material quickly.

Your  first assignment this week is to get to know the team  of learners you  will be working with by introducing yourself in the  Introductions area  of Module 1. Share your major, your location, your career  aspirations,  and any personal experience or knowledge that may relate to the  course.

In  this course, the Discussion Boards are an excellent way  to share your  observations and learn from the history and experience of others.  This  week’s discussion question asks you to research a global health policy  you  find needs to be improved, and discuss the issues you identify.  Using the  health policy triangle on page 24 of your textbook will help  you describe the  context, content, process, and actors involved in this  policy. Be sure to  support your statements with logic and argument,  citing any sources referenced.  Post your initial response early and  check back often to continue the  discussion. Be sure to respond to peer  posts as well.

Make sure to read all of the required readings this week and  complete the Check Your Understanding activity.

Please note that your instructor will be hosting the first  required Live Session this week.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Analyze  global health       policy in terms of the goals, objectives, and means  that create the       framework for global and KSA health activities.
  2. Categorize  the       individuals, organizations, and their networks central to  establishing and       implementing Saudi Arabian health policy.
  3. Examine  new global health       partnerships and the actors that set global  health priorities, policies,       and implementation.
  4. Examine  global health       policy from the standpoint of multi-sectoral  decision-making,       partnerships, and dominance of market-based  principles to form policy.
  5. Evaluate  global health       policy as characterized by the four Rs: reaction,  repetition, results, and       raising funds.           Backward Forward
  6. Globalization and the Health Policy Triangle
    Health  policy analysis is a growing field and includes  policy actors that  include individuals, institutions, organizations, research   institutions, governments, and health workers that contribute to the   development of health policy. If we look at the framework developed by  Walt and  Gilson in 1994, it helps us to understand and identify the  issues when creating  health policy, as well as understand how each of  these factors plays a role in  creating barriers and influence on the  other areas. The health policy triangle  helps us to organize the  factors that we need to make strategic decisions about  the policies we  need to make.
  7. The  United Nations (UN) has played a large part in  international affairs  after 1945. In 1925, Saudi Arabia established the first public  health  department. In 1950, the Ministry of Health (MOH) was established to   address the many challenges faced by the Saudi healthcare system,  positioning  the MOH to respond to the healthcare needs of the Saudi  population (Almalki,  Fitzgerald, & Clark, 2011). In the early  decades after the formation of the  UN, the World Health Organization  (WHO) was formed and represented member  states; one of which was Saudi  Arabia whose admission to the UN was in October  1945. At this point it  is important to recognize that this was an inter-national  endeavor rather than  global. WHO took on the role of providing an arena  for nations to influence  international health policy making.
    In  the late 1980s, the World Bank recognized that the WHO  did not have  the necessary resources to provide the guidance needed, so they  stepped  into the gap created by WHO’s ineffective attempts at helping shape   health policy. The World Bank was able to leverage resources and  influence  national policy-making in the healthcare and social sectors.  They also  influenced economic policies in low-income countries. The  World Bank’s shaping  of healthcare policy and delivery resulted in  diminishing the provision of  healthcare by the state, and an increased  role of the of the private sector to  provide healthcare services. This  resulted in the charge for services that had  been previously free from  the government and was considered a market-based  reform (World Bank,  1987).  
  8. CDC  global health leadership brings the world’s  leading public health  experts to a Guatemala cave, where rabid bats threaten  human health.  Elsewhere, CDC community workers keep a health watch over Kenya’s  poor;  while in China, CDC scientists protect babies from a mysterious  outbreak.  These examples of CDC at work in the world help protect  America and all from  disease threats that respect no borders.

    Backward Forward

    The Policy Process in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    The Vision 2030 sets the stage for creating healthcare  policy. The Vision 2030 is built on three pillars:
     

    • Pillar #1 
    • Pillar #2 
    • Pillar #3 
    • The first pillar is the vision that our status is the heart of the Arab and  Islamic worlds. The second pillar is our determination to become a global investment  powerhouse. The  third pillar is transforming our unique strategic location into a  global  hub, connecting three continents, Asia, Europe, and Africa. Please  review the National Transformation Plan (NTP) from  the Vision 2030 by  exploring these strategic objectives for healthcare to be  overseen by  the Ministry of Health (MOH). 
  9. The Vision 2030 for  the future of the Kingdom of Saudi  Arabia has a governance model to  achieve the Vision 2030 by defining roles and  responsibilities.
     
    • Level #1 
    • Level #2 
    • Level #3 
    • At  the first level, directions will be defined and decisions made by the   Council of Economic and Development Affairs, the Finance Committee, and  the  communication Team at the Council of Economic and Development  Affairs. At level two,  the development of strategies begins at the Strategy Committee,   Strategic Management Office, and the Project Management Office at the  Council  of Economic and Development Affairs. The strategy committee  will be responsible  for proposing strategies that will be implemented  to achieve Vision 2030. The  Strategic Management Office will act as the  executive branch that will study  and analyze the methods needed to  translate the Vision 2030 into action plans  and implementation  programs. The Strategic Management Office will also  supervise and  monitor the progress of these programs. The Project Management  Office  will be responsible for monitoring the projects and decisions of the   council. The Ministry of Economy and Planning supports the stakeholders  and  government agencies involved in strategic and executive planning.  The Delivery  Unit will support the Council of Economic and Development  Affairs to achieve  Vision 2030 by assisting with the design,  implementation, and achievement of  the initiatives. The third level is implementation of the programs, projects, and initiatives. In  preparation for understanding the needed projects to  achieve Vision  2030, current research will help inform the areas of needed  improvement  in Saudi Arabia. Health data standards are low worldwide but in  Saudi  Arabia studies have been conducted in tertiary healthcare organizations   to help develop data standards. By developing these standards for data,  it is  believed that the interoperability barriers within health  information systems  can be overcome.
      Other challenges to the  delivery of healthcare is the  emergence of Advance Practice Nursing  (APN) as one strategy. According to the  Saudi Commission for Health  Specialties (SCFHS) nursing designations are  determined by the level of  education only and do not reflect “job description  titles, experience,  roles or scopes of practice” (Hibbert, et al., 2017, p.  73). The MOH  will need to begin exploring the lack of legislation and regulation of  APNs since they have existed in Saudi Arabia since the 1990s. Therefore,  there is room for standardization and regulation of the nursing   profession. This provides an opportunity for growth in this occupation  and  helps to satisfy the fifth strategic healthcare objective of  increasing the  skilled Saudi staff in the healthcare environment.
      Backward Forward

      Overcoming the Four Rs: Reaction, Repetition, Results, and Raising Funds
      Policy-making  is based upon who decides what, when, how,  why, and who receives the  benefit. The problems that must be overcome such as  reaction,  repetition, results, and raising funds are known as the four Rs. To   overcome these problems strong leadership is needed that is able to  articulate  the short and long-term visions. There also must be a  diversification of the  funds needed to achieve the vision so that the  dependence is not on only one  funding stream. Funding must align with  the strategic vision of the  organization or government that is leading  this change.
      The  leadership strategy is to build strong coalitions within  the global  health community. Donors want to know where their money is going but   they should not set the healthcare policy. You see that the plan for the  Vision  2030 is to generate financial investment and yet remain  autonomous in the  decision-making of the healthcare policies to be  implemented in the Kingdom. It  is important to recognize the public  health principles where there is a right  to equal access to healthcare.  Global health policy needs to be designed by the  government along with  public engagement and discussion as is deemed necessary.  You can see  that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is demonstrating this leadership  with  their Vision 2030 engagement strategy

  10. The  Vision 2030 for the future of the Kingdom of Saudi  Arabia has a  governance model to achieve the Vision 2030 by defining roles and   responsibilities.
     
    • Level #1 
    • Level #2 
    • Level #3 
    • At  the first level, directions will be defined and decisions made by the   Council of Economic and Development Affairs, the Finance Committee, and  the  communication Team at the Council of Economic and Development  Affairs. At  level two, the development of strategies begins at the Strategy  Committee,  Strategic Management Office, and the Project Management  Office at the Council  of Economic and Development Affairs. The strategy  committee will be responsible  for proposing strategies that will be  implemented to achieve Vision 2030. The  Strategic Management Office  will act as the executive branch that will study  and analyze the  methods needed to translate the Vision 2030 into action plans  and  implementation programs. The Strategic Management Office will also   supervise and monitor the progress of these programs. The Project  Management  Office will be responsible for monitoring the projects and  decisions of the  council. The Ministry of Economy and Planning supports  the stakeholders and  government agencies involved in strategic and  executive planning. The Delivery  Unit will support the Council of  Economic and Development Affairs to achieve  Vision 2030 by assisting  with the design, implementation, and achievement of  the initiatives. The third level is implementation of the programs, projects, and initiatives. In  preparation for understanding the needed projects to  achieve Vision  2030, current research will help inform the areas of needed  improvement  in Saudi Arabia. Health data standards are low worldwide but in  Saudi  Arabia studies have been conducted in tertiary healthcare organizations   to help develop data standards. By developing these standards for data,  it is  believed that the interoperability barriers within health  information systems  can be overcome.
      Other  challenges to the delivery of healthcare is the  emergence of Advance  Practice Nursing (APN) as one strategy. According to the  Saudi  Commission for Health Specialties (SCFHS) nursing designations are   determined by the level of education only and do not reflect “job  description  titles, experience, roles or scopes of practice” (Hibbert,  et al., 2017, p.  73). The MOH will need to begin exploring the lack of  legislation and regulation of APNs since they have existed in Saudi  Arabia since the 1990s. Therefore, there is room for standardization and  regulation of the nursing  profession. This provides an opportunity for  growth in this occupation and  helps to satisfy the fifth strategic  healthcare objective of increasing the  skilled Saudi staff in the  healthcare environment.
      Backward Forward

      Overcoming the Four Rs: Reaction, Repetition, Results, and Raising Funds

      Policy-making  is based upon who decides what, when, how,  why, and who receives the  benefit. The problems that must be overcome such as  reaction,  repetition, results, and raising funds are known as the four Rs. To   overcome these problems strong leadership is needed that is able to  articulate  the short and long-term visions. There also must be a  diversification of the  funds needed to achieve the vision so that the  dependence is not on only one  funding stream. Funding must align with  the strategic vision of the  organization or government that is leading  this change.
      The  leadership strategy is to build strong coalitions within  the global  health community. Donors want to know where their money is going but   they should not set the healthcare policy. You see that the plan for the  Vision  2030 is to generate financial investment and yet remain  autonomous in the  decision-making of the healthcare policies to be  implemented in the Kingdom. It  is important to recognize the public  health principles where there is a right  to equal access to healthcare.  Global health policy needs to be designed by the  government along with  public engagement and discussion as is deemed necessary.  You can see  that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is demonstrating this leadership  with  their Vision 2030 engagement strategy.

  11. At  the root of most developing countries’  dilemmas, agriculture and  health care prove to be prime culprits for  restraining their  advancement. In this insightful talk, Nahush Katti delves  into the  profound repercussions of a simple mobile technology that allows for   broad access to very accurate diagnoses with both ophthalmology and   agriculture.
     

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