The twentieth century, part 2

1.

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A repeated melodic and rhythmic figure in the lower register of the piano is typical of the Afro-Cuban

dance music known as

A.

 

guaguancó.

B.

 

reggae.

C.

 

salsa.

D.

 

mambo.

2.

 

Aaron Copeland varies the _______ throughout his movement “Hoe-Down” to create variety.

A.

 

movements.

B.

 

theme.

C.

 

scene.

D.

 

orchestration.

3.

 

A musical style that combines traditional and modern elements is called

A.

 

exhibitionism.

B.

 

modernism.

C.

 

minimalism.

D.

 

postmodernism.

4.

 

The first African American to have a major opera performed by a major American opera company was

A.

 

Robert Johnson.

B.

 

William Grant Still.

C.

 

Scott Joplin.

D.

 

Langston Hughes.

5.

 

In the song “Tonight” from the musical West Side Story,

the composer distributed two basic melodies

among different characters to create a kind of _______, in which nothing disappears but new layers are

constantly introduced.

A.

 

dissonant form

B.

 

layered presence

C.

 

additive form

D.

 

consonant counterpoint

6.

 

A chromatic scale consists entirely of

A.

 

quarter steps.

B.

 

whole steps.

C.

 

half steps.

D.

 

tonal centers.

7.

 

The progression of four basic chords that was used in many popular songs of the 1950s and 1960s is

referred to as _______ chord progression.

A.

 

pop

B.

 

bebop

C.

 

vamp

D.

 

doo-wop

8.

 

The _______ is a xylophone-like instrument with tubular resonators under each bar.

A.

 

marimba

B.

 

suspended cymbal

C.

 

timbales

D.

 

conga

9.

 

John Cage’s Indeterminacy

is an example of _______ music.

A.

 

aleatory

B.

 

idiosyncratic

C.

 

silent

D.

 

achromatic

10.

 

Tamra says that the difference between an opera and a musical is that the opera includes more spoken

word than singing. Eduardo says that the musical contains singing with some spoken dialog. Who is correct

in citing the difference?

A.

 

Both Tamra and Eduardo

B.

 

Neither Tamra nor Eduardo

C.

 

Eduardo

D.

 

Tamra

11.

 

Einstein on a Beach

was a unique opera because it

A.

 

had no plot and very little singing.

B.

 

was written in Chinese.

C.

 

was exclusively recitative.

D.

 

had a single violinist.

12.

 

The type of music that blended the musical styles of jump blues and honky-tonk was

A.

 

jazz.

B.

 

Motown.

C.

 

hip hop.

D.

 

rock ‘n’ roll.

13.

 

Which of the following composers wrote the music for

West Side Story?

A.

 

George M. Cohan

B.

 

Jerome Kern

C.

 

Leonard Bernstein

D.

 

Cole Porter

14.

 

The musical movement that started in the mid-1960s on the West Coast was the _______ movement.

A.

 

rock

B.

 

folk

C.

 

psychedelic

D.

 

progressive

15.

 

Notes that begin a phrase before a downbeat are known as pick-up notes, or a/an

A.

 

shuffle groove.

B.

 

duck walk.

C.

 

call and response.

D.

 

anacrusis.

16.

 

_______ music is based on frequent repetition (with small variations) of a small musical idea.

A.

 

Atonal

B.

 

Minimalist

C.

 

Ostinato

D.

 

Rap

17.

 

Which of John Cage’s works is perceived by some to be a gimmick?

A.

 

Einstein on a Beach

B.

 

4’33”

C.

 

Illiac Suite

D.

 

Imaginary Landscape no. 4

18.

 

The musician who ushered in the twentieth-century era of virtuosic rock guitar playing was

A.

 

Jimi Hendrix.

B.

 

Chet Atkins.

C.

 

Chuck Berry.

D.

 

Brian Wilson.

19.

 

For the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon,

Chinese-American _______ was enlisted to play the

cello to offset the Asian-sounding erhu.

A.

 

Yo-Yo Ma

B.

 

Tan Dun

 

C.

Ang Lee

D.

Xiaohui Ma

20.

The hand-clapping at the beginning of the song “Please Mr. Postman” is known as the

A.

hook.

B.

shuffle groove.

C.

ostinato.

D.

vamp.

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